Location-based tourism literature
As promised, here are the LBT papers I've come across, mostly found via the ever-helpful Google Scholar.
CRUMPET is an EU funded project which specifically applies LBS to a tourism perspective
[EDIT: Here is the official website of the CRUMPET project]
"Mobile users such as tourists require mobile services. Handheld devices promise access to a range of travel-related services while on tour. A number of usability issues, however, still ask for intelligent new solutions. Issues are, for example, the limited capacity of handheld devices, user interaction via small screens, mediation of heterogeneous services, as well as other issues of wireless access to internet-based services. Key features of the CRUMPET system are personalisation, location awareness, interaction facilitation and service mediation. Its realisation as a multi-agent architecture opens up additional prospects."And here are the articles relating to this research...
- CRUMPET: Creation of user-friendly mobile services personalised for tourism by Poslad, Laamanen, Malaka, Nick, Buckle & Zipf (2001)
- Personalized and location-based mobile tourism services by Schmidt-Belz, Nick, Poslad & Zipf (2002)
- User-adaptive maps for LBS for tourism by Zipf (2002)
- Developing Location Based Services for tourism - the service providers view by Zipf & Malaka (2002)
- Location-based mobile tourist services - first user experiences by Schmidt-Belz, Laamanen, Poslad & Zipf (2003)
"The application allows users to quickly enter location information based on street maps displayed in ArcIMS. The location point information entered is then linked to uploaded text, images, hyperlinks, and video. The application is designed to help communities build their own location-based data that can be fed to multiple location-aware devices as part of a mobile, electronic tourism effort. The overall program is designed to create layers of location-specific historical, cultural, scientific, and environmental information."
The Lancaster Guide Project
"Our system provides an electronic handheld guide that visitors to Lancaster can use to access information about the city, create tailored tours of the city, and access interactive services."
- Using and determining location in a context-sensitive tour guide by Davies, Cheverst, Mitchell & Efrat (2001)
Tourist Guide (Australia)
"Our focus for this project is on software support for location based applications; we are not just interested in the location but also other elements of the users context, such as buildings in view, attractions and equipment near by, such as public telephones and toilets.
We have been investigating location based tourist applications targeted at off-the-shelf hand held devices, such as the Compaq Aero."
- Developing a location based tourist guide application by Simcock, Hillenbran & Thomas (2003)
Other papers included:
- Location based destination information for the mobile tourist by Eriksson (2002)
- Designing and implementing an open infrastructure for location-based, tourism-related content delivery by Kakaletris, Varoutas, Katsianis, Sphicopoulos & Kouvas (2004)